Waste of ferrous metals
What is ferrous metal waste according to the law and the legal definition, and what are the specifics of handling it?
The Waste Management Act (WMA) gives a common definition of waste of ferrous and non-ferrous metals (WFNFM) based on its sources of generation.
Pursuant to § 1, item 19 of the Supplementary Provisions of the WMA, “Waste of ferrous and non-ferrous metals” has been defined as the technological waste resulting from the extraction, processing or mechanical treatment of ferrous and non-ferrous metals and their alloys, scrap machines, facilities, details and structures of a production, construction or household nature, except for hazardous waste.
- 1, item 20 of the Supplementary Provisions of the WMA defines as “Waste of ferrous and non-ferrous metals of a household nature” all WFNFM resulting from the living activities of people in their homes, in administrative, social and public buildings. The definition also includes waste of ferrous and non-ferrous metals resulting from commercial sites, craft activities, recreation facilities and entertainment.
Ferrous metals fall under the relevant legal definitions and, once generated, this type of waste must be handed over under certain terms and conditions under the national legislation.
The landfills to which ferrous metal waste may be handed over are registered in a public register kept at the Executive Environmental Agency and can be found here: http://nwms.government.bg/wms/public/Controler?control=ReadNomenclatureForm&doc_def_id=6
There are territorial restrictions for such landfills, whereby they shall be located in areas for which industrial and warehouse activities are allowed under the relevant development plan, at public transport ports of national and regional importance and at sites of the railway infrastructure intended for business.
Operators of ferrous waste landfills shall comply with certain technical requirements:
- They shall provide 24-hour video surveillance and keep records from the relevant landfill for one year.
- When there are other types of metal-containing waste on the landfill, such as metal packaging or disused electrical and electronic equipment, ferrous metal waste shall be stored separately in detached areas of the landfill until activities are carried out for their preparation before recovery.
In the case of handover and receipt of ferrous metal waste which is not of household nature and such which represents waste of the so-called risky nomenclature (cables and wires of all types and sizes, elements of the electronic communication infrastructure, elements and parts of the railway composition, etc.), the norm of Art. 39, para. 1 of the WMA provides that this be done upon a certificate of origin issued by the persons in whose activity it is formed and on the basis of a written contract. The certificate template can be found here. http://www.moew.government.bg/bg/otpaduci/obrazci-na-zayavleniya/dejnosti-s-otpaduci-ot-cherni-i-cvetni-metali/
The person accepting such waste and handing it over to another person holding a treatment permit shall not be obliged to hand over together with the waste also the certificates of origin received by it. Moreover, the person handing over the ferrous metal waste it has received does not need to issue its own certificate since this waste was not formed as a result of its activity.
Physical persons may only hand over ferrous metal waste upon having a declaration of origin. The declaration template can be found here. http://www.moew.government.bg/bg/otpaduci/obrazci-na-zayavleniya/dejnosti-s-otpaduci-ot-cherni-i-cvetni-metali/
Another characteristic of this type of waste is that the payments for transactions with such waste are executed by non-cash means, except for payments to physical persons where the total value of the transactions concluded by the stated physical person does not exceed 100 BGN within one calendar year (Art. 38, para. 4 and 5 of the WMA).
For the performance of the ferrous metal waste treatment activities, depending on the specific type of activity, the following are required:
- a permit issued by the Director of the Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water (RIEW), on whose territory the activities are performed; or
- a complex permit issued by the Minister of Environment and Water under the rules of Chapter Seven, Section II of the Environmental Protection Act.
The specifics related to the issuance of permits can be found here. http://www.moew.government.bg/bg/otpaduci/vuprosi-i-otgovori/
At the same time, any person accepting and handing over ferrous metal waste shall be obliged to fill waste records with strict entries of the quantities of waste handed over and received, as well as the persons from whom it receives it and the persons to whom it hands it over.
Such waste according to the legislation is classified with codes and designations as defined in Ordinance No. 2 of 23.07.2014 on the classification of waste on the basis of the List of Wastes established by Decision 2000/532/EC.
Table. Non-exhaustive list of codes and designations of ferrous metal waste:
|Type of waste|
|02 01 10||Metal waste|
|12 01 01||Sawdust, shavings and cuttings of ferrous metals|
|12 01 02||Dust and particles of ferrous metals|
|16 01 17||Ferrous metals|
|17 04 05||Cast iron and steel|
|19 10 01||Cast iron and steel waste|
|19 12 02||Ferrous metals|
|20 01 40||Metals|
BUYING AND SELLING OF SCRAP AND waste of ferrous metals
NORD HOLDING AD buys all kinds of ferrous metals, as there is a separate Nomenclature for the purchase of ferrous metal waste consisting of 9 major types. We always offer the highest actual prices.
Buying takes place on any one of our sites.
We assist in the transportation of larger quantities.
We could also leave our available multilift container that we truck away afterwards.
Current clients of NORD HOLDING AD are steelworks from different locations in the country and abroad. For the most part, the quality of traded iron waste is classified according to specification ISRI. For the bigger part the quality of traded steel waste is classified according to specification ISRI.
Locations of our partners: