Collection of dangerous waste
What is hazardous waste?
Hazardous wastes are those whose composition and properties pose a risk to the environment, including human health. A waste is classified as hazardous if it has one or more properties that identify it as hazardous, for example, corrosive, toxic, poisonous, infectious etc.
Water, soil and air are heavily endangered by the improper storage of hazardous waste and the latter should therefore be collected and stored separately from the remaining waste stream while mixing hazardous waste with domestic, industrial and other non-hazardous waste is prohibited. That is because hazardous waste can be a primary or secondary environmental pollutant.
Hazardous waste is generated in all sectors of society, most commonly divided into domestic, industrial and construction.
Domestic hazardous waste is generated in households or similar sources, such as hotels, public buildings, restaurants, shops and more. For these wastes, each municipality should have a collection and treatment system in place to avoid contamination of the total amount of municipal waste. Used batteries, some types of cleaning products, old light bulbs or fluorescent lamps, thermometers, expired drugs, paints, inks, adhesives, varnishes and paint materials, refrigerators, air conditioners, monitors, televisions etc. are all examples of domestic hazardous waste.
Hazardous construction waste is generated in construction and repair activities as well as in the demolition of buildings. An example of such waste is asbestos insulation, different types of paints and varnishes. For the proper treatment of these wastes, they should be separated when they are generated and not mixed with the rest of the construction waste stream at the construction site.
Hazardous industrial waste is generated by the production activity of enterprises. This type of waste is also the type that is produced in the largest quantities and accordingly poses the greatest danger to humans and the environment. The strictest control is exercised for this waste. Examples of such waste are chemicals, paints, oils, sludge, heavy metals etc.
There is another category of hazardous waste, namely, radioactive waste. Extremely stringent control measures have been introduced for this waste to exclude even a minimal possibility that some of the radioactive substances would enter the environment.
In the case of hazardous waste generation, the generators are obliged to pass the waste onto a person who is authorised to operate with the respective type of waste issued under the Waste Management Act.
For this waste the rule where the polluter pays is applied, which means that the generating company must pay for the disposal of the respective quantity of waste. An exception to this rule applies to hazardous waste generated in households for which the municipality in question creates a system for collecting the waste and discloses schedules and campaigns for passing it over.
Hazardous waste management is a difficult and complicated process and the main part of this process is the awareness of the population and the businesses about the dangers waste poses and the methods for its subsequent treatment.
In Bulgaria, almost no hazardous waste disposal facilities are available, besides the several hazardous waste disposal sites in some regional landfills, several companies and the hospital waste incinerator for the Environmental Protection Management Company.
Much of the hazardous waste that is generated on the territory of the country is exported for disposal in installations in other countries. At the same time, part of the hazardous waste can be recycled and new products obtained. An example of such wastes are lead-acid accumulators, which, after processing, produce new accumulators.
In order to protect ourselves and nature, old appliances and other hazardous waste must be handed over to a company that has the right to collect them or to hand them over in organised separate waste collection campaigns. Some waste, such as old batteries and accumulators, can be returned to a store that sells such items.
Check whether the shop has a hazardous waste collection bin and if it doesn’t – ask the assistants. They can’t refuse to accept hazardous waste products because they have a duty regulated by law.
Users can submit electronic waste (discarded electrical and electronic equipment) free of charge at commercial sites where electrical and electronic equipment is sold, when buying new electrical or electronic equipment with the same or similar functions, while they can return a small device/appliance (with a size of up to 25 cm) at a large shop without purchasing anything.
You can submit your hazardous waste to specialised companies like ours. We will arrange for it to be transported to a safe place. For example, we export hazardous Ni-Cd batteries, which are not recycled in Bulgaria, to Germany.
Collection of dangerous waste
Nord Holding AD has a network of counterparties established to achieve collection, treatment and subsequent recycling and/or disposal of hazardous waste. Our specialists will explain where you can submit hazardous waste, under what conditions and what its future will be, so that together we can contribute to a safer and cleaner environment and lifestyle.
We collect hazardous waste against payment on your part:
- Packages containing residues of hazardous substances or contaminated with hazardous substances /packaging of oils, brake fluid, antifreeze, chemicals, paints, varnishes, sprays and others/.
- Absorbents and filter materials /clothing contaminated with hazardous substances, paper oil filters, yarn and towels contaminated with hazardous substances, filters from the dyeing trade and others/.
- Brake fluid
Locations of our partners: