Дейност С АКУМУЛАТОРИ ОТ АВТОМОБИЛИ

Waste automobile batteries

Nord holding accepts and deliver for recycling waste automotive batteries.

Automobile batteries are secondary batteries classified according source of energy
as they can be recharged multiple times.

Automobile batteries can be batteries that supply power to the car’s starter, engine and lights
or that propel the car itself (traction batteries).

Types of automobile batteries:

Оловно-кисели автомобилни акумулатори

Lead-acid
automobile batteries

These are the most popular
automobile batteries.
They consist of lead, plastic and
electrolyte and are subject to a high
degree of recycling (about 90%).

Литиево-йонни автомобилни модули

Lithium-ion
ЕV battery packs

These are traction batteries that
 power electric cars and are
increasingly common today.
They consist of iron, copper, aluminum,
plastic, binders,
electrolyte, graphite, lithium, nickel,
cobalt and manganese.

Terms and conditions of buying automobile batteries

Nord holding buys used lead-acid batteries.

Due to the cost of recycling exceeding the value of the recovered materials, Lithium-ion car modules can only be accepted against a specific arrangement for payment by the supplier.

A specific requirement for delivery of batteries and accumulators containing liquid such as the automobile batteries is that they be delivered with a robust case, caps available and liquid stored.

Buying process

Automobile batteries are accepted by both individuals and legal entities. Upon delivery to our site, the documents required by the legislation are drawn up.

Important information:

The most environmentally friendly way to dispose of waste batteries and accumulators is to hand them over
to legal entities that are licensed to deal with them and will take care that they are handed over
for recycling to facilities that meet the requirements of current legislation.

Activities following acceptance of automobile batteries

After receiving automobile batteries at our site trained personnel store the batteries separated by type in designated containers
– waterproof plastic boxes that are stored indoors or under a shed.

Recycling process

Automobile batteries are handed over to recycling facilities in Bulgaria and countries of the European Union,
specialized in recycling of certain types of batteries.

Before submitting batteries for recycling, we require facilities
to ensure that they meet the requirements of European legislation for minimum
recycling percentage thresholds per battery types.

Recycling of lead-acid batteries and accumulators

Recycling is carried out in the following way:

  • DISASSEMBLY
    The batteries are disassembled and their components separated in an automated process.
  • RECYCLING OF PLASTIC
    Plastic is passed on for processing into new plastic products.
  • DESULPHURIZATION PROCESS
    The lead paste and electrolyte undergo a desulphurization process.
  • MELTING AND REFINING
    Lead grids and desulphurized lead paste are melted down and refined into pure lead, which is used to make new lead batteries and accumulators, material for high-voltage cables, military products, protective clothing and radiation barriers.
  • CRYSTALLIZATION
    Through crystallization, the desulphurization process ends with the production of an end product – anhydrous sodium sulfate (NaSo4), used for the production of synthetic detergents and glass.

Recycling of lithium-ion batteries and accumulators

Recycling is carried out in the following way:

  • SHREDDING
    Batteries are shredded and the electrolyte is extracted.
  • SEPARATION
    By means of magnetic separation, iron is separated, and by means of various subsequent separation methods – plastics, binders, copper, aluminum, graphite and salts of lithium, cobalt, nickel and manganese are separated.
  • SUBSEQUENT PROCESSING
    The salts of lithium, cobalt, nickel and manganese are processed and material is obtained for the production of cathodes, which are reused in lithium-ion batteries. Graphite, aluminum, copper and iron are also processed and can be used to make lithium-ion batteries or other energy storage systems, the production of ceramics, pigments, adhesives, paints and more.

Benefits

акумулатори

Recycling unusable automobile batteries
gives us valuable raw materials such as:

  • FERROUS METALS
  • CADMIUM
  • SALTS OF LITHIUM, COBALT, NICKEL AND MANGANESE
  • LEAD
  • PLASTICS AND CHEMICAL PRODUCTS

These materials are fed back into industry, offsetting the
limited natural resources mined for their production.